“The raids are clearly aimed at silencing Belarus’s beleaguered independent media”, said Katie Morris, Head of Europe and Central Asia at ARTICLE 19. “The allegations, which are already dubious, would not warrant such repressive actions, and merely seek to scare those daring to undertake critical reporting in a country where dissent is seen as criminal”, she added.
On 7 August 2018, Belarusian law enforcement agencies raided the offices of independent news agency BelaPan, online media outlet Tut.by and publishing house Belarusskaya Nauka. They detained Tut.by journalists Halina Ulasik, Maryna Zolatava, Hanna Kaltyhina, Ulyana Babayed, Dzmitry Bobryk, Hanna Yermachonak and Evgenia Bereziuk; as well as BelaPAN editors Tatsyana Karavyankova and Andrey Serada.
Andrey Serada, Evgenia Bereziuk, Ulyana Babayed and Dzmitry Bobryk were released later that day, but the remaining five journalists remain in detention.
On the morning of 8 August, law enforcement entered the flat of freelance media experts and journalists Olga and Paulyuk Bykouski with a search warrant.
According to Radio Svoboda, four journalists from web portal Realt.by (Ihar Khmara, Maria Saroka, Alena Maslouskaya, Uladislau Kuletski) as well as a journalist Aliaksei Zhukau from online portal Belarus and the Market ,were detained for questioning by the Investigative Committee. While Realt.by journalists were later released, Paulyuk Bykouski and Aliaksei Zhukau remain detained.
On 9 August, the Investigative Committee stated that of another journalist, Iryna Leushyna, editor-in-chief of BelaPAN, is also being questioned.
It is believed that the Belarusian Investigative Committee have initiated a criminal case against the journalists under Article 349(2) of the Criminal Code, which criminalises “unauthorized access to computer information, made out of personal interest, which caused significant harm”. According to the authorities, the journalists were illegally using a paid-subscription account for the government news agency BelTA. News at BelTA is limited to subscribers only for the 15 minutes after being posted. BelaPAN claims that there was no need for their agency to get access to paid sources of BelTA, and that they never used BelTA sources without citation.
We urge the government of Belarus to immediately and unconditionally release all journalists detained on questionable allegations for exercising their legitimate rights to freedom of expression, and to end all forms of harassment against journalists, including raids on independent media outlets.